CSR: The impacts?
Environmental impact:By producing, companies sometimes have a negative impact on the planet (soil and water pollution, deforestation, greenhouse gas emissions, etc.).
To reduce this impact, they can overhaul their operating methods (using so-called "clean" technologies, implementing and monitoring recycling, renting rather than buying, etc.).
Social impact : A deterioration in human health (such as respiratory problems linked to fine particle emissions from diesel vehicles for example, intense fatigue, back pain) may arise among the employees of the companies concerned or among people living nearby.
Feelings of social exclusion or loneliness may arise in some companies or retroactively as a result of the company's activity.
Companies must look inwards to prevent this division and have a positive impact on society by promoting the integration of people who are far from employment or in a handicap situation, by promoting the diversity of its personnel or by dialoguing upstream of the projects with the local residents and by promoting local employment.
Economic impact: Finally, the activity of companies can encourage corruption but also contribute to the degradation of public services. By opting for dubious tax optimisation techniques or practising tax evasion, they deprive governments of resources, particularly tax resources, which can lead them to increase taxes and/or reduce public services.
Conversely, companies should be transparent about the payments they make to governments for the use of the country's resources by distributing their profits fairly to their shareholders, employees and the communities affected by their activities.
The different impacts mentioned above correspond to the "ESG criteria" which serve as reliable indicators for understanding and apprehending the risks of a company and its overall performance